• Every foreigner shall be entitled to enter into and stay in Nepal holding a valid passport (at least 6 month validity) and a visa.
• We recommend making copies of your travel document (passport and visa). Leave one copy with family at home and carry another with you (but separate from your passport). It will be very useful if your passport is lost or stolen and definitely avoid some extra days to complete the process of passport replacement.
• It is a good idea to travel with passport-sized photos (just in case).

  • Tourist entry visa can be obtained from Nepal Embassy / Consulate or Mission offices abroad, or at the immigration office at Tribhuvan International Airport, Kathmandu. From experience it is very easy to get a visa at the airport and most of the foreigners choose this option. 
    If you plan on getting your visa at the airport, you may want to run. The process can take hours. Specially if you are stuck behind long line of people who are waiting for visa.

     Visa and extension are also delivered in other immigration office in the country and at the borders (see the list here http://www.immi.gov.np )

    Visa type          Duration     Fee
    Multiple entry    15 days      US$ 25 or equivalent
    Multiple entry    30 days     US$ 40 or equivalent
    Multiple entry    90 days     US$ 100 or equivalent
    Visa extension   15 days      US$ 30 or equivalent
    Extension up to 150 days*  US$ 2 per day

    Tourist visa can be extended for a maximum period of 150 days in a single visa year (January – December).
  • Foreigner who have stayed in Nepal without renewing visa, need to pay Nepalese currency equivalent to US $ 3 per day along with the required extension fee.
  • Foreigners, who have already overstayed for more than 150 days without renewing tourist visa will get a penalty of Rs 50,000 as per the Immigration Act.
  • For further information, you can refer to the Department of Immigration web site: http://www.immi.gov.np
    Health/travel Insurance
Get travel insurance and health insurance before travelling.

You should check any exclusion and that your policy covers you for activities you want to undertake. If you are intending to travel at altitude in Nepal, please check that your insurance policy provides cover. Many policies do not provide cover over 2,500 meters. Check before you trek!
You need a good travel insurance that covers evacuation expenses (e.g. mountain rescue by helicopter or air ambulance) and medical treatment is expensive at Western travelers’ clinics in Nepal. Healthcare is poor in most places outside the Kathmandu Valley and Pokhara.
It is advisable to have cover for unexpected losses such as cancelled flights, stolen or lost cash, cards, passport, luggage and any loss damage or liability resulting from unusual action.

no special vaccinations are required to enter Nepal. However some are recommended for all travelers: Hepatitis A and B, and Typhoid. Be sure your routine vaccinations are up-to-date. All travelers should visit their personal physician 4 to 8 weeks before departure.

Diarrhoea is the most common travel-related ailment. All travelers should bring along an antibiotic and an anti diarrhoea drug to be started promptly if significant diarrhoea occurs. Most cases of travelers’ diarrhoea are mild and do not require either antibiotics or anti diarrhoea drugs.

Adequate fluid intake is essential.
Altitude sickness may occur in travelers who ascend rapidly to altitudes greater than 2500 meters. Acetazolamide is the drug of choice to prevent altitude sickness. All travelers should visit their personal physician 4 to 8 weeks before departure.

Nepal is a landlocked country located in South Asia. It is located in the Himalayas and bordered to the north by China, and to the south, east, and west by the India. With an area of 147,181 square kilo metres (56,827 sq mi) and a population of approximately 30 million, Nepal is the world’s 93rd largest country by land mass and the 41st most populous country. Kathmandu is the nation’s capital and the country’s largest metropolis.

Nepal is of roughly trapezoidal shape, 800 kilometres (497 mi) long and 200 kilometres (124 mi) wide, with an area of 147,181 km2 (56,827 sq mi). See List of territories by size for the comparative size of Nepal. It lies between latitudes 26° and 31°N, and longitudes 80° and 89°E.

Nepal is commonly divided into three physiographic areas: Mountain, Hill and Terai. These ecological belts run east-west and are vertically intersected by Nepal’s major, north to south flowing river systems.

Motto: “Mother and Motherland are Greater than Heaven”

Capital (and largest city): Kathmandu 27°42′N 85°19′E

Official language(s): Nepali

Religions: Hindu 80.6%, Buddhist 10.7%, Muslim 4.2%, Kirant 3.6%, other 0.9% (2001 census)note: only official Hindu state in the world

Recognised regional languages: Nepal Bhasa, Maithili, Bhojpuri, Telugu, Tharu, Gurung, Tamang, Magar, Awadhi, Sherpa, Kiranti, Limbu and other 100 different indigenous languages.

Government: Federal democratic republic

Legal system: Based on Hindu legal concepts and English common law; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction

definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 48.6%
male: 62.7%
female: 34.9% (2000-2004 est.)

Currency: Nepalese rupee (NPR)

Time zone: NPT (UTC+5:45)

Drives: left

Internet TLD: .np

Calling code: +977

  • Payment in hotels, travel agencies, and airlines can be paid in foreign exchange.
  • Credit cards like American Express, Master and Visa are accepted at major hotels, shops, and restaurants.
  • ATM is widely in use in major cities and we start to see even in unexpected small towns:)
  • Denominations of Rupees 1000, 500, 100, 50, 20, 10, 5, 2 and 1.
  • Coins are found in denominations of Rupees 5, 2 and 1. One rupee equals 100 paisa.

Trekking Permit
Special trekking permit must be acquired for trekking to areas that fall under the Restricted Zone.

River Permit

You need a permit if you are planing on paddling upper sections of any major rivers of Nepal. You should check the permit system before heading out there. Do not hesitate to write us if you have specific locations you want to inquire of/about.

We highly recommend not to go without permit. You may get lucky but chances are extremely slim.

Climatic conditions of Nepal vary from one place to another. In the north summers are cool and winters severe, while in south summers are tropical and winters are mild.

Nepal has five major seasons: spring, summer, monsoon, autumn and winter.

An average temperature drop of 6°C occurs for every 1,000 m gain in altitude. In the Terai, summer temperatures exceed 37° C and higher in some areas, winter temperatures range from 7°C to 23°C in the Terai. In mountainous regions, hills and valleys, summers are temperate while winter temperatures can plummet under sub zero. The valley of Kathmandu has a pleasant climate with average summer and winter temperatures of 19°C – 35°C and 2°C – 12°C respectively.

Here’s a brief view of the average temperatures and rainfall during peak summer and winter in three most popular tourist areas:

PlaceSummer (May, June, July)Winter (Dec, Jan, Feb)
Max (°C)Min (°C)Rain (mm)Max (°C)Min (°C)Rain (mm)


All visitors entering Nepal by land must use these designated entry points and may not enter from any other point:
(1) Kakkarvitta
(2) Birgunj
(3) Belhiya, Bhairahawa
(4) Nepalgunj
(5) Dhangadi and
(6) Mahendranagar in the Nepal-India border and
(7) Kodari in the Nepal-China border.

S.No.RouteApprox. Distance (border towns to major cities)Nearest Railways Station in India
1Siliguri- Kakkarvitta- Kathmandu620 kmNew Jalpaiguri (NJP)
2Jogbani-Biratnagar-Kathmandu550 kmJogbani
3Raxaul-Birgunj-Kathmandu280 kmRaxaul (RXL)
4Sunauli-Bhairahawa-Kathmandu280 kmGorakhpur (GKP)
5Rupaidiya-Jamuna (Nepalgunj)- Kathmandu520 kmRupaidiya / Nanpara
6Gauriphanta-Mohana (Dhangadi)-Kathmandu630 kmGauriphanta/ Paliya
7Banbasa-Gaddachauki (Mahendranagar)- Kathmandu715 kmBanbasa/ Tanakpur
8Sunauli-Bhairahawa-Palpa-Pokhara185 kmGorakhpur (GKP)
9Sunauli-Bhairahawa-Chitwan145 kmGorakhpur (GKP)
10Sunauli-Bhairahawa-Lumbini26 kmGorakhpur (GKP)